English Language Arts (ELA) means the study and improvement of the arts of language. The foundations for learning in the ELA are critical to all other curriculum areas as well as to the child’s social and emotional development. The skills learned through language arts are not only important independently, but they are also necessary for success in other areas of study, and life beyond school. In kindergarten, we constantly look for different ways to connect oral and written language in ways that are meaningful to the children. We want to foster a love for literacy that will remain in them for years to come and to support their understanding of its purpose in their daily lives.
Kindergarteners are introduced to new vocabulary to develop their oral skills to express feelings and needs. They start to read and write recognizing the sounds of the letters in French. They use a variety of visual materials, such as flashcards, pictures, and videos, as well as songs, games, and stories to promote dialogues and conversations where the children can use the new vocabulary in context.
Phonics instruction helps the reader to map sounds onto spelling. The ability enables readers to decode words. Decoding words aids in the development of an improvement in word recognition. It’s important for children to learn letter-sound relationships, because English uses letters in the alphabet to represent sounds. Learning certain phonetic rules help children generalize from words they know how to read to new words. Children learn the sounds that each letter makes, and how a change in the order of letters changes a word’s meaning.
Kids start by learning how to write each sound in the alphabet. Understanding the pen well, using the page from top to bottom, from left to right, and these concepts will help students write properly. In senior kindergarten, our students can read short sentences. They begin to understand the “good sentence” by starting the sentence with a capital letter and determining the use of finger space between words
Children need to encounter math experiences that incorporate their senses and require them to experiment, make observations, and that allow them time to investigate a topic further. Numbers are constantly present in a kindergartener’s life and learning process. This is why our environment is enhanced with tools and materials that support the natural development of math skills. Calendars, digital and analog clocks, calculators, counting tools such as beads, rocks, and straws are some of the tools that support addition, subtraction and counting. Number sense is very important for success in math. It describes a child’s understanding that numbers represent quantity. In Kindergarten, children see the relationships that numbers have to one another; they understand how numbers are put together and taken apart, and they have an intuitive sense about the number system. They will be working with patterns by sorting and grouping objects into sets and by explaining and extending simple patterns. Kindergarteners explore simple measurements using non-standard units. They analyze how to classify objects based on weight (heavy/light); capacity (holds more/less); and length (long/short). Through their analysis, they begin manipulating rulers and other measuring tools that expose them to standard units of measurement. They will have a basic understanding of time concepts, and use graphs in more dynamic ways, using them to collect, analyze, and represent data.
In Kindergarten, children are introduced to the process of scientific inquiry. Our Kindergarten learning environment is filled with opportunities for children to investigate, ask questions and research. It includes a wide variety of materials that allow them to find out how the natural world works, with observable physical evidence. They are also able to record their observations and elaborate theories about their surroundings. We believe that kindergarteners are natural explorers who learn by taking part in meaningful life experiences, by inquiring, asking questions, inventing and through social interaction. Our classroom is filled with provocations that give children opportunities to experiment, giving them the tools to become confident creative thinkers and problem solvers.
Music promotes complex thinking, effective communication, aesthetic awareness, collaborative skills, and responsibility. These are all valuable components of a confident and self-assured child. Kindergarteners sing, play instruments and move to the music. They learn to keep a beat and tell the difference between loud and soft. They are introduced to the artistic, cultural, scientific and mathematical foundations of music. Kindergarteners develop their voices by singing alone and learn to blend them with others by singing in a group as part of the Kindergarten Choir. They learn to sing expressively, on pitch and with correct dynamics. Children will explore musical instruments individually and in a group. They will work with rhythm to find a steady beat. kindergarteners develop a beginning recognition of musical notation. They learn to read simple musical notes and use invented symbols to represent a beat.
Our Kindergarten physical education program develops an understanding of attitudes and skills that will allow each student to develop a lifestyle in which regular physical activity is practiced, The balance between psychomotor, cognitive and affective domains leads to the optimal development of the whole child. All children have the opportunity to exhibit desirable behaviours in each of these domains. Some of the fundamental movement skills include locomotor, non-locomotor, body management, movement concepts, and developmental games. Children will explore wellness and fitness principles, as well as essential elements of rhythm and rhythmic activities. They will practice team sports, specialized activities, cooperation, and team building activities.